This is the first public form of a proposed international standard. A Working Draft must first be formally registered as a Committee Draft, as a result of a 3-month letter ballot amongst the Participating Member Bodies of the Sub-Committee to whom the Working Group that has produced the document is responsible. In the case of Programming Language standards this is JTC1/SC22.
Once a Committee Draft has been registered it must be approved by a further 3-month letter ballot amongst the Participating Member Bodies of the Sub-Committee. If any countries vote against approval then attempts must be made to modify the document in such a way as to satisfy the objections of the negative voters. Successive CD approval ballots will be held until either consensus has been reached or, if this is not possible, a majority of countries, according to the rules laid down in the JTC1 Directives, are in favour. Approval of the Final Committee Draft requires a slightly longer, 4-month, ballot, as this is the last time that any changes may be made to the document.
It is permissible for both the registration and approval ballots to be carried out simultaneously, and this is the approach that is normally used with Programming Language standards.
This is the final public form of the Committee Draft of a proposed international standard, and must be identified as such before being submitted for a 4-month approval ballot amongst the Participating Member Bodies of the Sub-Committee.
Once a Final Committee Draft has been approved it is submitted to JTC1 for a 2-month Final Draft International Standard approval ballot.
This is the final form of a proposed standard before it is adopted as an International Standard. An approved Final Committee Draft, modified as necessary to accomodate comments submitted by National Bodies during, or after, the approval ballot, is first be registered as a Final Draft International Standard, and then submitted to a two-month letter ballot amongst Participating Member Bodies of JTC1.
Votes in the FDIS approval ballot may only be Approve or Disapprove.
If the FDIS is approved then it is published as an International Standard. However, if it is not approved then it must return to the Committee Draft stage and be approved by one or more CD ballots, including an FCD ballot, before being resubmitted for FDIS approval.
To accomplish its task IEC publishes International Standards and Technical Reports.
Further information about IEC may be found in its own pages on the World Wide Web.
In 1976 IEC and ISO signed an agreement of cooperation, particularly in the field of Information Technology where a Joint Technical Committee (JTC1) was established to oversee all work in this area.
ISO's work results in international agreements which are published as International Standards.
Further information about ISO may be found in its own pages on the World Wide Web.
In 1976 ISO and IEC signed an agreement of cooperation, particularly in the field of Information Technology where a Joint Technical Committee (JTC1) was established to oversee all work in this area.
A full list of its Sub-Committees, and other relevant information, can be found in the ISO pages on the World Wide Web.
A similar process applies for countries participating in the work of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
A country may only nominate a single NB for membership of JTC1.
A full list of its Working Groups, and other relevant information, can be found in SC22's own pages on the World Wide Web.
This is the first stage that a document goes through, during which it is still a purely internal document to the Working Group that is responsible for it. It is actually the third of six possible stages in the production of an International Standard: