g02ab computes the nearest correlation matrix, in the Frobenius norm or weighted Frobenius norm, and optionally with bounds on the eigenvalues, to a given square, input matrix.


public static void g02ab(
	double[,] g,
	int n,
	string opt,
	double alpha,
	double[] w,
	double errtol,
	int maxits,
	int maxit,
	double[,] x,
	out int iter,
	out int feval,
	out double nrmgrd,
	out int ifail
Visual Basic
Public Shared Sub g02ab ( _
	g As Double(,), _
	n As Integer, _
	opt As String, _
	alpha As Double, _
	w As Double(), _
	errtol As Double, _
	maxits As Integer, _
	maxit As Integer, _
	x As Double(,), _
	<OutAttribute> ByRef iter As Integer, _
	<OutAttribute> ByRef feval As Integer, _
	<OutAttribute> ByRef nrmgrd As Double, _
	<OutAttribute> ByRef ifail As Integer _
Visual C++
static void g02ab(
	array<double,2>^ g, 
	int n, 
	String^ opt, 
	double alpha, 
	array<double>^ w, 
	double errtol, 
	int maxits, 
	int maxit, 
	array<double,2>^ x, 
	[OutAttribute] int% iter, 
	[OutAttribute] int% feval, 
	[OutAttribute] double% nrmgrd, 
	[OutAttribute] int% ifail
static member g02ab : 
        g : float[,] * 
        n : int * 
        opt : string * 
        alpha : float * 
        w : float[] * 
        errtol : float * 
        maxits : int * 
        maxit : int * 
        x : float[,] * 
        iter : int byref * 
        feval : int byref * 
        nrmgrd : float byref * 
        ifail : int byref -> unit 


Type: array<System..::..Double,2>[,](,)[,][,]
An array of size [dim1, n]
Note: dim1 must satisfy the constraint: dim1n
On entry: G, the initial matrix.
On exit: G is overwritten.
Type: System..::..Int32
On entry: the order of the matrix G.
Constraint: n>0.
Type: System..::..String
On entry: indicates the problem to be solved.
The lower bound problem is solved.
The weighted norm problem is solved.
Both problems are solved.
Constraint: opt="A", "W" or "B".
Type: System..::..Double
On entry: the value of α.
If opt="W", alpha need not be set.
Constraint: 0.0<alpha<1.0.
Type: array<System..::..Double>[]()[][]
An array of size [n]
On entry: the square roots of the diagonal elements of W, that is the diagonal of W12.
If opt="A", w need not be set.
On exit: if opt="W" or "B", the array is scaled so 0<w[i-1]1, for i=1,2,,n.
Constraint: w[i-1]>0.0, for i=1,2,,n.
Type: System..::..Double
On entry: the termination tolerance for the Newton iteration. If errtol0.0 then n×machine precision is used.
Type: System..::..Int32
On entry: specifies the maximum number of iterations to be used by the iterative scheme to solve the linear algebraic equations at each Newton step.
If maxits0, 2×n is used.
Type: System..::..Int32
On entry: specifies the maximum number of Newton iterations.
If maxit0, 200 is used.
Type: array<System..::..Double,2>[,](,)[,][,]
An array of size [dim1, n]
Note: dim1 must satisfy the constraint: dim1n
On exit: contains the nearest correlation matrix.
Type: System..::..Int32%
On exit: the number of Newton steps taken.
Type: System..::..Int32%
On exit: the number of function evaluations of the dual problem.
Type: System..::..Double%
On exit: the norm of the gradient of the last Newton step.
Type: System..::..Int32%
On exit: ifail=0 unless the method detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see [Error Indicators and Warnings]).


Finds the nearest correlation matrix X by minimizing 12G-X2 where G is an approximate correlation matrix.
The norm can either be the Frobenius norm or the weighted Frobenius norm 12W12G-XW12F2.
You can optionally specify a lower bound on the eigenvalues, α, of the computed correlation matrix, forcing the matrix to be positive definite, 0<α<1.
Note that if the weights vary by several orders of magnitude from one another the algorithm may fail to converge.


Borsdorf R and Higham N J (2010) A preconditioned (Newton) algorithm for the nearest correlation matrix IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis 30(1) 94–107
Qi H and Sun D (2006) A quadratically convergent Newton method for computing the nearest correlation matrix SIAM J. Matrix AnalAppl 29(2) 360–385

Error Indicators and Warnings

Errors or warnings detected by the method:
Some error messages may refer to parameters that are dropped from this interface (LDG, LDX) In these cases, an error in another parameter has usually caused an incorrect value to be inferred.
An error occured, see message report.
Invalid Parameters value
Invalid dimension for array value
Negative dimension for array value
Invalid Parameters value


The returned accuracy is controlled by errtol and limited by machine precision.

Parallelism and Performance


Further Comments

Arrays are internally allocated by g02ab. The total size of these arrays is 12×n+3×n×n+max2×n×n+6×n+1,120+9×n real elements and 5×n+3 integer elements. All allocated memory is freed before return of g02ab.


This example finds the nearest correlation matrix to:
weighted by W12=diag100,20,20,20 with minimum eigenvalue 0.02.

Example program (C#): g02abe.cs

Example program data: g02abe.d

Example program results: g02abe.r

See Also