F08TSF (ZHPGST) (PDF version)
F08 Chapter Contents
F08 Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

NAG Library Routine Document

F08TSF (ZHPGST)

Note:  before using this routine, please read the Users' Note for your implementation to check the interpretation of bold italicised terms and other implementation-dependent details.

 Contents

    1  Purpose
    7  Accuracy

1  Purpose

F08TSF (ZHPGST) reduces a complex Hermitian-definite generalized eigenproblem Az=λBz, ABz=λz or BAz=λz to the standard form Cy=λy, where A is a complex Hermitian matrix and B has been factorized by F07GRF (ZPPTRF), using packed storage.

2  Specification

SUBROUTINE F08TSF ( ITYPE, UPLO, N, AP, BP, INFO)
INTEGER  ITYPE, N, INFO
COMPLEX (KIND=nag_wp)  AP(*), BP(*)
CHARACTER(1)  UPLO
The routine may be called by its LAPACK name zhpgst.

3  Description

To reduce the complex Hermitian-definite generalized eigenproblem Az=λBz, ABz=λz or BAz=λz to the standard form Cy=λy using packed storage, F08TSF (ZHPGST) must be preceded by a call to F07GRF (ZPPTRF) which computes the Cholesky factorization of B; B must be positive definite.
The different problem types are specified by the argument ITYPE, as indicated in the table below. The table shows how C is computed by the routine, and also how the eigenvectors z of the original problem can be recovered from the eigenvectors of the standard form.
ITYPE Problem UPLO B C z
1 Az=λBz 'U'
'L'
UHU 
LLH
U-HAU-1 
L-1AL-H
U-1y 
L-Hy
2 ABz=λz 'U'
'L'
UHU 
LLH
UAUH 
LHAL
U-1y 
L-Hy
3 BAz=λz 'U'
'L'
UHU 
LLH
UAUH 
LHAL
UHy 
Ly

4  References

Golub G H and Van Loan C F (1996) Matrix Computations (3rd Edition) Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore

5  Arguments

1:     ITYPE – INTEGERInput
On entry: indicates how the standard form is computed.
ITYPE=1
  • if UPLO='U', C=U-HAU-1;
  • if UPLO='L', C=L-1AL-H.
ITYPE=2 or 3
  • if UPLO='U', C=UAUH;
  • if UPLO='L', C=LHAL.
Constraint: ITYPE=1, 2 or 3.
2:     UPLO – CHARACTER(1)Input
On entry: indicates whether the upper or lower triangular part of A is stored and how B has been factorized.
UPLO='U'
The upper triangular part of A is stored and B=UHU.
UPLO='L'
The lower triangular part of A is stored and B=LLH.
Constraint: UPLO='U' or 'L'.
3:     N – INTEGERInput
On entry: n, the order of the matrices A and B.
Constraint: N0.
4:     AP* – COMPLEX (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput/Output
Note: the dimension of the array AP must be at least max1,N×N+1/2.
On entry: the upper or lower triangle of the n by n Hermitian matrix A, packed by columns.
More precisely,
  • if UPLO='U', the upper triangle of A must be stored with element Aij in APi+jj-1/2 for ij;
  • if UPLO='L', the lower triangle of A must be stored with element Aij in APi+2n-jj-1/2 for ij.
On exit: the upper or lower triangle of AP is overwritten by the corresponding upper or lower triangle of C as specified by ITYPE and UPLO, using the same packed storage format as described above.
5:     BP* – COMPLEX (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput
Note: the dimension of the array BP must be at least max1,N×N+1/2.
On entry: the Cholesky factor of B as specified by UPLO and returned by F07GRF (ZPPTRF).
6:     INFO – INTEGEROutput
On exit: INFO=0 unless the routine detects an error (see Section 6).

6  Error Indicators and Warnings

INFO<0
If INFO=-i, argument i had an illegal value. An explanatory message is output, and execution of the program is terminated.

7  Accuracy

Forming the reduced matrix C is a stable procedure. However it involves implicit multiplication by B-1 if (ITYPE=1) or B (if ITYPE=2 or 3). When F08TSF (ZHPGST) is used as a step in the computation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the original problem, there may be a significant loss of accuracy if B is ill-conditioned with respect to inversion. See the document for F08SNF (ZHEGV) for further details.

8  Parallelism and Performance

F08TSF (ZHPGST) makes calls to BLAS and/or LAPACK routines, which may be threaded within the vendor library used by this implementation. Consult the documentation for the vendor library for further information.
Please consult the X06 Chapter Introduction for information on how to control and interrogate the OpenMP environment used within this routine. Please also consult the Users' Note for your implementation for any additional implementation-specific information.

9  Further Comments

The total number of real floating-point operations is approximately 4n3.
The real analogue of this routine is F08TEF (DSPGST).

10  Example

This example computes all the eigenvalues of Az=λBz, where
A = -7.36+0.00i 0.77-0.43i -0.64-0.92i 3.01-6.97i 0.77+0.43i 3.49+0.00i 2.19+4.45i 1.90+3.73i -0.64+0.92i 2.19-4.45i 0.12+0.00i 2.88-3.17i 3.01+6.97i 1.90-3.73i 2.88+3.17i -2.54+0.00i  
and
B = 3.23+0.00i 1.51-1.92i 1.90+0.84i 0.42+2.50i 1.51+1.92i 3.58+0.00i -0.23+1.11i -1.18+1.37i 1.90-0.84i -0.23-1.11i 4.09+0.00i 2.33-0.14i 0.42-2.50i -1.18-1.37i 2.33+0.14i 4.29+0.00i ,  
using packed storage. Here B is Hermitian positive definite and must first be factorized by F07GRF (ZPPTRF). The program calls F08TSF (ZHPGST) to reduce the problem to the standard form Cy=λy; then F08GSF (ZHPTRD) to reduce C to tridiagonal form, and F08JFF (DSTERF) to compute the eigenvalues.

10.1  Program Text

Program Text (f08tsfe.f90)

10.2  Program Data

Program Data (f08tsfe.d)

10.3  Program Results

Program Results (f08tsfe.r)


F08TSF (ZHPGST) (PDF version)
F08 Chapter Contents
F08 Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

© The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd, Oxford, UK. 2016